In the Qal stem, the verb יָדַע means “to know” (simple action, active voice). … Thus, in the Hithpael stem, the verb יָדַע means “to make oneself known” (causative action, reflexive voice).
What does Qal and Niphal mean?
The Qal stem also exhibits the simple or unnuanced type of action. Niphal. Simple/Passive or Reflexive. The Niphal stem. is used to express simple action with either a passive or reflexive voice.
What does hiphil mean?
The Hiphil form is a verbal stem formation in Biblical Hebrew, usually indicated by a הִ prefix before the 1st radical and a hireq-yod (or sometimes tsere) vowel under the 2nd radical of the verb. … For example, the Hiphil verb הִמְטִיר means “to cause to rain down”; the noun מָטָר means “rain”.
What is Niphal Hebrew?
Niphal is the name given to one of the seven major verb stems called בִּנְיָנִים (/binjaˈnim/ binyanim, “constructions”) in biblical Hebrew. The designation Niphal comes from the form niph’al for the verb pa’al, “to do”. … The Niphal stem usually denotes the incomplete passive or the reflexive voice.
What is QAL in Hebrew?
In Hebrew grammar, the qal (קַל “light; easy, simple”) is the simple paradigm and simplest stem formation of the verb. Qal is the conjugation or binyan in which most verbs in Hebrew dictionaries appear. … The qal is any form of the finite verb paradigm which is not so modified.
What is Jussive Hebrew?
(2) Jussive is a volitive mood of the 3rd person. It indicates the speaker’s wish or any nuance of will like command, exhortation, advice, invitation, permission as well as prayer, request for permission (Gen. 1:3). It is normally used instead of the imperative with negation.
What does Piel mean in Hebrew?
Summary. The Piel stem is the most flexible stem formation in Biblical Hebrew and can express simple, intensive, resultative, causative, or other kinds of verbal action depending on the context and the specific verb.
What is Binyanim?
Binyanim(Hebrew for “Buildings”) are the basic constructions of verbs in Hebrew. Every verb in Hebrew has a construction(“Binyan”) and a stem.
What is an infinitive absolute in Hebrew?
The Infinitive Absolute is described as being in the absolute state because it stands on its own as an independent grammatical entity. The form can appear with the conjunction, but it never occurs in any other kind of construction with a prefix or suffix, an attached preposition, or with a noun in a construct chain.
What is a passive verb in Hebrew?
Passive voice means that the subject of the verb is receiving the action rather than performing the action. In English, passive voice is expressed using the helping verb “to be.” In Biblical Hebrew, the passive nature of the verbal action is expressed by the Niphal form of the verb itself without any helping verbs.
What is the Imperfect tense in Hebrew?
In Biblical Hebrew the Imperfect conjugation is used generally to describe actions that are not completed or actions that occur in the present or future. However, the Imperfect conjugation is also used to describe several other kinds of actions as determined by the context.
What is the reflexive voice?
Reflexive verbs are sometimes identified as being in the “middle voice” (as opposed to the active voice or the passive voice). Reflexive verbs can most easily be identified by the use of reflexive pronouns, which are used as the direct object and refer back to the subject of the sentence.
What is Waw consecutive in Hebrew?
The vav-consecutive or waw-consecutive is a grammatical construction in Classical Hebrew. It involves prefixing a verb form with the letter waw in order to change its tense or aspect.
What is a strong verb in Hebrew?
In “strong” verbs, the three root consonants always stay the same and are easy to recognize, but “weak” verbs have one or more consonants that disappear in certain forms. Verbs in Biblical Hebrew change form according to both conjugation (Perfect, Imperfect, Infinitive Absolute, etc.)
Does Hebrew have a past tense?
There is no (ein) present tense in the Bible! But modern Hebrew has shlosha (three) tenses: Past, present and future.