After the death of King Solomon (sometime around 930 B.C.) the kingdom split into a northern kingdom, which retained the name Israel and a southern kingdom called Judah, so named after the tribe of Judah that dominated the kingdom.
What is the difference between Judah and Israel?
The Kingdom of Israel (or the Northern Kingdom or Samaria) existed as an independent state until 722 BCE, when it was conquered by the Neo-Assyrian Empire. The Kingdom of Judah (or the Southern Kingdom) existed as an independent state until 586 BCE, when it was conquered by the Neo-Babylonian Empire.
Is Judah and Jerusalem the same?
From the death of King Solomon (c. 930) until its destruction by the Neobabylonians under Nebuchadnezzar (586), Jerusalem functions as the capital of the kingdom of Judah.
Why is the tribe of Judah so important?
The tribe of Judah settled in the region south of Jerusalem and in time became the most powerful and most important tribe. Not only did it produce the great kings David and Solomon but also, it was prophesied, the Messiah would come from among its members.
Where are the 10 lost tribes of Israel today?
Conquered by the Assyrian King Shalmaneser V, they were exiled to upper Mesopotamia and Medes, today modern Syria and Iraq. The Ten Tribes of Israel have never been seen since.
How long have Jews been in Israel?
TIMELINE OF HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS
|17th-6th C. BCE||BIBLICAL TIMES|
|c.13th century||Exodus from Egypt: Moses leads Israelites from Egypt, followed by 40 years of wandering in the desert. Torah, including the Ten Commandments, received at Mount Sinai.|
|13th-12th centuries||Israelites settle in the Land of Israel|