Israel as a cultural entity is first mentioned in the stele of the Egyptian pharaoh Merenptah (r. 1213-1203 BCE) in which he states that “Israel lies devastated, bereft of its seed” (Kerrigan, 59).
When were the Israelites first mentioned in the Bible?
Etymology and biblical roots
The term “Land of Israel” is a direct translation of the Hebrew phrase ארץ ישראל (Eretz Yisrael), which occasionally occurs in the Bible, and is first mentioned in the Tanakh in 1 Samuel 13:19, following the Exodus, when the Israelite tribes were already in the Land of Canaan.
When did the Israelites first appear?
First emerging in the later part of the 2nd millennium BCE as an outgrowth of southern Canaanites, the Hebrew Bible claims that a United Israelite monarchy existed starting in the 10th century BCE.
What was the original name of the Israelites?
During the British Mandate, Palestine’s official name in Hebrew was “Eretz Yisrael.” That was the name that appeared in Hebrew (alongside “Palestine” in English and Arabic) on the local currency, stamps and official documents, lending the name “Israel” official status.
What was Israel called in biblical times?
Northern & southern kingdoms
After the death of King Solomon (sometime around 930 B.C.) the kingdom split into a northern kingdom, which retained the name Israel and a southern kingdom called Judah, so named after the tribe of Judah that dominated the kingdom.
Who made up the Israelites?
The people of Israel (also called the “Jewish People”) trace their origin to Abraham, who established the belief that there is only one God, the creator of the universe (see Torah). Abraham, his son Yitshak (Isaac), and grandson Jacob (Israel) are referred to as the patriarchs of the Israelites.
Who are the 13 tribes of Israel?
The idea of twelve tribes has been described as “late Judahite” (i.e. 7th–6th century BCE). For example: The Blessing of Jacob (Genesis 49) directly mentions Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Zebulun, Issachar, Dan, Gad, Asher, Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin and especially extolls Joseph over his brothers.
Who is Yahweh?
Yahweh, name for the God of the Israelites, representing the biblical pronunciation of “YHWH,” the Hebrew name revealed to Moses in the book of Exodus. The name YHWH, consisting of the sequence of consonants Yod, Heh, Waw, and Heh, is known as the tetragrammaton.
Why did God changed Jacob’s name to Israel?
Unwittingly married to Leah, Jacob was thus compelled to serve Laban for another seven years so that he could take his beloved Rachel as his wife as well. … On the way Jacob wrestled with a mysterious stranger, a divine being, who changed Jacob’s name to Israel.