Who were the original founders of Jerusalem?
According to biblical accounts, Jerusalem, on the frontier of Benjamin and Judah and inhabited by a mixed population described as Jebusites, was captured by David, founder of the joint kingdom of Israel and Judah, and the city became the Jewish kingdom’s capital. This has been dated to about 1000 bce.
Why is Jerusalem a holy city?
For Christians, Jerusalem is also the place where Jesus preached, died and was resurrected. Many also see the city as central to an imminent Second Coming of Jesus. Jerusalem is now a major pilgrimage site for Christians from around the world.
When did Jerusalem fall to Islam?
The Muslim conquest of the city solidified Arab control over Palestine, which would not again be threatened until the First Crusade in 1099.
Siege of Jerusalem (636–637)
|Date||November 636 – April 637|
|Territorial changes||Jerusalem captured by the Rashidun Caliphate|
Is Palestine considered part of Israel?
Etymology. Although the concept of the Palestine region and its geographical extent has varied throughout history, it is now considered to be composed by the modern State of Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.