Drawing from the deep well of Jewish connection to Jerusalem and the centrality of the city to the life of the newly established State of Israel, it was only natural that the Knesset, Israel’s parliament, declared Jerusalem as the capital of Israel on 23 January 1950.
How did Israel gain control of Jerusalem?
Israeli ground forces proceeded to invade the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula on the same day. … The next day, fighting ensued between Jordan and Israel for control of Jordanian-held East Jerusalem. On the dawn of June 7, military commander Moshe Dayan ordered Israeli troops to take control of Jerusalem’s Old City.
Can Palestinians become Israeli citizens?
Family reunification for Palestinians
In 2003, the Citizenship and Entry into Israel Law was passed.
What is the main reason for the conflict in Israel?
The history of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict began with the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948. This conflict came from the intercommunal violence in Mandatory Palestine between Israelis and Arabs from 1920 and erupted into full-scale hostilities in the 1947–48 civil war.
How many times has Israel been attacked?
This is a list of wars involving the State of Israel. Since its establishment in 1948, the State of Israel has fought eight recognized wars, two Palestinian intifadas, and a series of armed conflicts in the broader Arab–Israeli conflict.
When did Israelites return from Babylon?
|562 BCE||Release of Jehoiachin after 37 years in a Babylonian prison. He remains in Babylon|
|539 BCE||Persians conquer Babylon (October)|
|538 BCE||Decree of Cyrus allows Jews to return to Jerusalem|
Is West Bank part of Israel?
Presently, most of the West Bank is administered by Israel though 42% of it is under varying degrees of autonomous rule by the Fatah-run Palestinian Authority. The Gaza Strip is currently under the control of Hamas.
Who was in Palestine before Israel?
Palestine’s Early Roots
Throughout history, Palestine has been ruled by numerous groups, including the Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Fatimids, Seljuk Turks, Crusaders, Egyptians and Mamelukes. From about 1517 to 1917, the Ottoman Empire ruled much of the region.
Why does Israel want East Jerusalem?
Israel views Jerusalem as its “unified, eternal” capital. … Palestinians want those territories for their future state, with east Jerusalem serving as their eventual capital. But Israel annexed the eastern part of the city in a move not recognized internationally.