Why was the Temple of Jerusalem so important?
Today, one of the old retaining walls of the Temple — called the Western Wall — is a principal worship site for Jews. For Christians, Jerusalem is also the place where Jesus preached, died and was resurrected. Many also see the city as central to an imminent Second Coming of Jesus.
What was the purpose of Solomon building the temple?
King Solomon built the First Temple in Jerusalem as a monument to God and as a permanent home for the Ark of the Covenant. Also known as Solomon’s Temple and Beit HaMikdash, the First Temple was destroyed by the Babylonians in 587 BCE.
Where is the Ark of Covenant now?
Whether it was destroyed, captured, or hidden–nobody knows. One of the most famous claims about the Ark’s whereabouts is that before the Babylonians sacked Jerusalem, it had found its way to Ethiopia, where it still resides in the town of Aksum, in the St. Mary of Zion cathedral.
Why is the Second Temple important?
Following the Maccabean Revolt against the Seleucid empire, the Second Temple was rededicated and became the religious pillar of the Jewish Hasmonean Kingdom, as well as culturally associated with the Jewish holiday of Hanukkah.
Why is the destruction of the Second Temple important?
The total destruction of Jerusalem and the Second Temple was catastrophic for the Jewish people. According to the contemporary historian Josephus Flavius, hundreds of thousands of Jews perished in the siege of Jerusalem and elsewhere in the country, and many thousands more were sold into slavery.
Is Solomon’s temple still standing?
No remains from Solomon’s Temple have ever been found. … The archaeologists found a sacrificial altar in the Motza temple, with an offering table for sacrifices but also cult vessels and artifacts, including two human figurines and two horse figurines.